We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find essay on Dr. Amartya Sen in English language for students in 900 words. In this article cover Topic : Childhood and family profile, Educational life, Professional career and works, Steps in social reforms, Won many awards including Nobel Prize, His famous writings and His unparallel theory gave him such fame.
One of India's greatest pioneers in social theories, Amartya Sen is the nobel laureate who revolutionized the image of Indian society with his socio-economic policies. Better known for his contributions m classifying the reasons for famine that affected the country in post-independence era, Amartya
Sen forwarded feasible solutions to curb effectively the crisis that once plagued the nation. A PhD in economics, Sen extensively researched on various problems affecting the social backward communities. Over the years, he introduced innovative solutions to help underdeveloped countries cope with social problems like poverty, famine, gender inequality, human rights, and biased liberalism.
This earned him the tide of "the Conscience and the Mother Teresa of Economics". Sen has written many books to convey his theories on social welfare, most of which gives us an insightful and practical elucidation on how to curtail such crisis. Professor Sen was born on 3rd November, 1933 in Shantmekatan (Bengal). His father Ashutosh Sen was a professor, who later served as the chairman of West Bengal Public. ervice Commission, and mother was Amita Sen.
In 1941, he was enrolled at the St. Gregory's School. Dhaka and after the partition of India, his family moved to India, where he attended the Visva-Bharti University. He completed his graduation from Presidency College, Kolkata after that Professor Sen went to Trinity College, Cambridge for higher studies, where he received his doctorate. At the age of twenty three, the young Sen already enjoyed status of a celebrity. He was appointed as a Head of Department of Economics in Jadavpur University, Calcutta.
In the following years, Dr Sen dedicated his entire time in studying philosophy, which helped him m his future research work He would often shuttle between London and Kolkata, to teach and continue his research
on his social theories. When he finished his PhD in 1959, he was recruited as a visiting faculty in a number of universities including Berkeley, Stanford, Cornell, and Massachusetts Institution of Technology. In the year 1972, he moved back ro India and starred teaching at University of Calcutta and Delhi School of Economics. During this period, he completed his extensive research on 'Collective Choice and Social Welfare.'
After that, Amartya Sen went on to teach Economics in various elite institutions like London School of Economics, University of Oxford, Nuffield College, All Souls College, and other distinguished universities.
Having witnessed a famine in his childhood, Sen was interested in bringing out social reforms to improve the condition in underdeveloped countries with his adaptable socio-economic policies to abolish shortage of food. In 1981 Sen published 'Poverty and Famines An Essay on
Entitlement and Deprivation ' in which he argued that famine occurs not only from a lack of food, but from inequalities built into mechanisms for distributing foods. His work shed new light on the country's many social problems such as poverty, famine, human underdevelopment, gender inequality and political liberalism and brought about successful reforms to rectify the same.
Amartya Sen was elected as the Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in the year 1981. The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to him for his work in welfare economics in 1998. In 1999, he was honoured with the Bharat Ratna by the President of India
The year 2000 proved to be a good year for Amartya Sen as this was the year when he was bestowed with a number of distinguished awards such as Companion of Honour in UK, Leontief Prize from the Global Development and Environment Institute, and Eisenhower Medal for Leadership and Service.
In the same year, he was also chosen as the Commencement Speaker of Harvard University. In 2002, he won the International Humanist Award from the International Humanist and Ethical Union. The Indian Chamber of Commerce, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia Pacific, Bangkok based organisation, honoured him with a Lifetime Achievement Award in 2005.
Over the years, he also took to writing to put forward his views and ideologies to bring about a social change. Some of his popular publications and are interesting reading 'Collective Choice and Social Welfare', 'Hunger and Public Action', 'More Than 100 Million Women Area Missing', 'Reason Before Identity, Development as Freedom', 'The Argumentative Indian', 'The Three R's of Reform,' etc. In 2006 Time Magazine listed him under '60 years of Asian Heroes'.
In 2010 he was listed among 'World's 50 most influential people who matter'. In 2013 he was been listed by NDT\' India as 25 greatest living legends. In 2015 Dr Sen won Charleston-EFG John Maynard Keynes Prize.
Professor Sen made empirical studies on the cause of famine and its impact in terms of welfare economics and mechanism. In empirical studies, Sen's applications of his theoretical approach have enhanced our understanding of the actual effect of economic policies to tackle the problems like poverty, famine, hunger. He opined that famines have less to do with food supply than with simple economics.
Professor Sen is a man who rose to such great heights by sheer force of his zeal, dedication, determination and sincerity. He achieved everything with his untiring courage, devotional approach and dedicated efforts with a positive and iron like will.
The International media too commentated Professor Sen on getting the Nobel Prize. The New York Times editorial wrote, "It is gratifying to see the prize given to a man who has dedicated himself to the issues of poverty and distribution of wealth-a question of supreme importance to far more people than was the work of last year’s."