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Essay on Reservation System in India - 1900 Words

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"This is against the fundamental principles of humanity, it is against the directives of the cause that a person should be denied, due to birth or given additional privileges" -Matam Gandhi

The Constitution of India provides special privileges to the weaker sections of the society called Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Special provisions were primarily for a limited period from the date of application of the constitution. There is no definite period for the continuation of this privilege. Constitutional safeguards continue to be extended for ten years every time. Prior to the end of the last ten years.

According to historians, the most important factor in the development of caste system: business was. Businesses were classified in the order of their social status, initially based on the percentage of karma and fold; Sattav, Raja, Tamas system became very strict During British rule, it was proposed that Scheduled Castes should be treated as a separate community and given separate representation under the Government of India Act 1935. After Independence, the Constitutional Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights and Minorities under the chairmanship of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel recommended special privilege for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for a limited period of 10 years. Privileges were for the upliftment of lower castes, but it has been misbehaved in the hands of self-centric politicians and the so called Dalit leader; Dalit leaders argue that "upper castes have suppressed the lower castes for a long time, For the duration it will be equally afflicted. Some people argue that reservation is a political, social, economic and constitutional policy according to justice by absorbing SC and ST in the social capital.

In 1992, the Supreme Court denied that reservation quota could not be implemented in the public servants' promotion since 1997, but through the 86th Amendment Bill, Pariya has also proposed the reservation plan for SC and ST. Restored The government has given reservation to OBC (Backward Classes). Our Prime Minister, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, pointed out that "In an unequal society where scheduled castes, Scheduled Tribes OBCs still suffer from historical inadequacies, what they want is social and empowerment and not only Kalyan, the intention of Mr. Vajpayee Anything can happen, the issue is: Is social justice really restored in such cross sections of society at the cost of gross injustice of the rest? Can I get it?

While granting privileges for a limited period often in the Constitution, it was felt that the feeling of casteism would disappear. But even after 55 years of independence, on the basis of birth, reservation has catalyzed the growing difference between castes, caste differences and hatred. Sixty-year reservations have enabled these Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to occupy the highest positions in government offices and institutions. In many cases their hatred towards the upper caste has been clearly evident. This can certainly not be the dream of our founding father. As a result of reservation, mediation and quality have been declined. With the support of the legislative support of the reservation, 'not so qualified' have climbed to higher positions and gained better qualification, high marks are facing injustice only with them. In the educated urban middle class, there is a strong sense of resentment, dissatisfaction, which is repeatedly suffering due to its privileged counterparts.

As a result of the reservation on the basis of birth, the family has been benefited repeatedly. Once the reserved caste gets the benefit, its social status, the economic condition becomes high; now again the members of their family are benefiting from this, thus thereby denying other needs of their caste.

For more than half a century, India has maintained quota for socially disadvantaged sections in government jobs, political bodies and educational institutions. Brahmins and others are believed that privileged groups were barred for themselves. Here in the Rajasthan state, however, the government has recently proposed an idea that some say that the logic of positive action on its head changes: on the basis of economic caste, the upper caste wants quota for Indians.

Supporters say that they are just trying to improve the system. But for many people, this initiative is yet another example of how interest group politics is reducing the goals of a huge experiment in social engineering, which already provides preferential treatment to more than billions of people in India.

"Existing quota ... denies those worthy opportunities which they deserve right"! News Today INDIA TODAY said in an editorial recently. "Every other day, one race or another is struggling to label the other backward class. In reality, the quota system has become a huge political enterprise."

The problem started in 1990 when Parliament passed the law to reserve 27% government jobs for the 00,743 lower castes, or "other backward classes" members. This remedy troubled the upper upper caste Indians who described it as a threat to their employment prospects.

The support of the extended quota system of the Supreme Court came with the warning that 50 percent of government jobs should be fully filled on merit basis. The court also created a National Commission on the Backward Classes, which so far has added 676 "socially and educationally deprived cast" in the original list.

To determine which groups to be included in the list, Commission Commission literacy rate, dissemination of child marriage, and more obscure benchmarks such as widows are allowed to remarry (This is considered a sign of backwardness because the upper caste widows usually do not Are remarried)

The process may seem arbitrary. For example, the Muslim minority of India is outside the caste system and therefore, despite the history of discrimination, Quota has been left largely to policies. A retired judge Ram Surat Singh, chaired by the Commission, said that the other groups have been ignored as "they are so backward, they have no knowledge of the system." And some castes are considered backward in some states and advance in others.

In the mid-1990s, for example, Jats of Rajasthan used to apply for inclusion in the list of backward classes. He said that according to the census data of 1931, he told that according to Dharm Veer, a Jat leader, child marriage in his community was more prevalent than other official backward castes.

In 1997, the Commission recommended Parliament that Rajasthan Jats could be added to the list. But two years later, during the hot election it was not; The campaign, that Vajpayee had promised to follow the pledge after mass rail by the large and well-organized Jat community.

Although the Jat once was a tenant farmer, yet many people take their land as a result of independence agricultural reforms, and therefore, better than those upper castes, who do not have land, government officials say.

"Jats got reservations due to their agitation and political power because the Congress party's cabinet minister CP Joshi had recently proposed 14 percent quota for the upper caste poor in government jobs." And they are using reservation as a tool. "

To set up the Council of Ministers (GOM) to study the possibilities, the Central Government has fixed ball rolling for a dispute so far on the concept of quotas to provide job reservation on caste basis. After Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the decision to refer this issue to IIGom was committed to amend the public meeting in Rajasthan. In response to a proposal conceived by Chief Minister Gehlot of Rajasthan, the Prime Minister's Commitment recommends a legal transition to reserve 14 per cent of government jobs for the poor among the next castes. The clever move of Mr. Gehlot put me under pressure from the Bharatiya Janata Party's Rajasthan unit, even started an internal rebellion. A campaign has been filled up for a while on the same issue by the Social Justice Front; Two years ago it was strengthened after the inclusion of Jats in the list of OBCs.

In a state where the forward castes play an important role in determining election results, Mr Gehiet's step determines the conditions of speech. With the state assembly elections due to November 2003, the BJP could not possibly exit the promises-making game. The high level of unemployment is a common problem, but it is particularly serious among the people of the next castes. The ratio of educated unemployed in the last few years should be higher than the next caste against the caste system. Political parties in the spectrum can not shine on this reality on this reality, where the government continues to be seen as a job provider. It can understand the spirit of power that comes with government jobs in most parts of India and despair looking for such opportunities.

However, a Constitutional amendment made by Prime Minister, Vajpayee is not that easy. The proposal to include the poor among the next castes in the reservation team was done in the implementation of the recommendation of the Mande Commission by Congress party. Narasimha Rao government proposed to reserve 10 percent government jobs for the poor in the next castes, under Article 15 (4) of the Constitution of Indira Savani versus the Constitution, which was inserted unconstitutionally by the Supreme Court in 1992 by the Constitution. (First Amendment) Act, 1951, is very specific. On the one hand, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes have approved special provisions for the progress of any social and educationally backward classes. Article 16 (4) Reservation reservation in government jobs for any backward class of civil jobs, in the opinion of the state, is not adequately represented in the services under the state. "

Article 340 Supreme Court decisions that can be taken as the backwardness of the determinants in the sole social and educational conditions. The proposal is now under the Supreme Court of judicial review and formation of the 'basic structure' principle and is refined. These issues will come when the government will start a discussion on the idea initiated by Mr. Gehlot and there may be a necessary but inadequate situation for the reservation of the poor among the unanimous castes among the political parties approved by Shri Vajpayee. Viable proposal

All these assurances show that the quota system has become an integral part of the political game? There is no mention of this wasteful expansion of reservation.

The concept of positive action on the right note with reservations for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes for a limited period of ten years, but now it has become virtually free for everyone, but even for obvious reasoning A section called, has also been rejected from politics

All our social and religious reformers have tried to break the racism. It is regrettable that we are still not able to deal equally with all men. There is no place for caste or racial discrimination in the world of modem What is the meaning of a person's capabilities and his contribution to society? By giving reservation to the Dalits or tribes, we are hindering those people 'more beneficial' due to their birth in a particular caste. Our policy makers need to be more pragmatic, if necessary, all types of reservations should be abolished, it should not be based on caste, creed or birth, but rather financial and economic status and profit, basic level, True needy Mr. Jelterson said right, "All men were made equal, that they all followed the manufacturer with some inept rights, freedom of life and happiness. . "

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