We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on The Preamble: The Basic Principles of the Constitution in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : What is a Preamble?, The Preamble to the Constitution of India, The explanation of the definition of the Preamble, Directive Principles and Fundamental Rights are derived from the concept of socialism given in the Preamble, Implication of the term 'Republic', Preamble defines objectives of Indian democracy and Preamble as the most precious part of the Indian Constitution.
The Preamble to the Constitution sets out the fundamental values and the philosophy on which the Constitution is based It clearly establishes the main objectives of the Indian Constitution. Preamble is normally known as the preface or introduction to the Constitution which contains the spirit or essence of the Constitution. It also gives the legal interpretation of the Constitution when the language is found to ambiguous.
Thus, it is regarded as the most precious part and soul of the Constitution. The Preamble to the Constitution of Indian Republic is one of the best of its kind, that encompasses both in ideas and ideals and in expression, so that it becomes the foundation of the governance of the country.
The Preamble to the Constitution of India reads as under
"We, the People of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens-justice, Social, Economic and Political; Uberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; Equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all: Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; in our Constituent Assembly this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do hereby adopt, .enact and give to ourselves this Constitution."
The Preamble not only shows the path of governance to the leaders, but also embodies, the purposes that it serves, like the declaration, the source of the authority, a statement of objectives and the date of its adoption. The first line of the Preamble emphasises the ultimate authority of the people, who have resolved to constitute the country into a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic.
Since, the Constituent Assembly enacted and adopted the Constitution in the name of people of India, the question was sometimes raised, whether the Constituent Assembly •was indeed representing the people of India
A democratic country may have an elected or hereditary head. but the word 'Republic', implies that the head must also be an elected one. Under republican form, the head of the country is always elected for a prescribed period, thus making the governance free from any monarchy, dictatorial or hereditary rulers. In India, the head of the country, the President is electeC. at regular intervals for a period of five years.
The Preamble further defines the objectives of the Indian democracy. The Preamble itself secures justice, liberty, equality and fraternity to its citizens. The essence of justice is the attainment of the common good. Justice is a very comprehensive term, which means justice of all kinds.
The term liberty signifies not only the absence of any arbitrary restraint on the freedom of an individual, but also the creation of such atmosphere in the society as may be necessary for the fullest development of the personality of the individual. Liberty means reasonable freedom for action but not at the cost of freedom or rights of others.
Justice, liberty and equality are complementary to one another. Equality signifies the equality of status, equality of opportunities, equality before la • of the nation. Equality of opportunity implies the availability of opportunity to everyone to use his potentialities, capabilities and capacities.
The concept of equality is very comprehensive, has far reaching impact and actually implies to the socialistic approach in the governance of the country. The objective of fraternity ensures both dignity of an individual and unity and integrity of the nation. Any animosity among the individual: can endanger the unity and integrity of the nation.
In a country like India, with so diversified culture, religion, belief, the unity and integrity of the nation can only be preserved with fraternity and brotherhood. Thus, the Preamble to the Constitution, in brief, contains all the guidelines or basics on which the rulers of the country should base the policies, rules, laws etc.
The Supreme Court opined, "The Preamble is the most precious part the soul and the guiding force of the Constitution for the rulers to rule the nation in the spirit laid by the Constitution."