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Essay on The Preamble: The Basic Principles of the Constitution

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We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here.  Here you can find Essay on The Preamble: The Basic Principles of the Constitution in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : What is a Preamble?, The Preamble to the Constitution of India, The explanation of the definition of the Preamble, Directive Principles and Fundamental Rights are derived from the concept of socialism given in the Preamble, Implication of the term 'Republic', Preamble defines  objectives  of  Indian democracy and Preamble as the  most precious  part of the Indian Constitution.

The  Preamble  to  the  Constitution  sets  out the  fundamental  values  and  the philosophy  on which  the  Constitution  is based  It clearly  establishes  the main objectives  of the Indian  Constitution.  Preamble  is normally  known  as the preface  or  introduction  to  the  Constitution  which  contains  the  spirit  or  essence  of the Constitution.  It  also gives the  legal  interpretation  of the  Constitution  when the language is found to ambiguous.

Thus, it is regarded  as the most  precious  part and soul of the Constitution. The Preamble to the Constitution  of  Indian  Republic is  one of the best  of its kind, that encompasses both in ideas and ideals and in expression, so that it becomes the foundation  of the  governance  of the country.

 The Preamble  to the Constitution  of  India  reads  as under

"We, the People of  India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens-justice, Social, Economic and Political; Uberty of thought, expression, belief, faith  and worship; Equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all: Fraternity assuring the dignity of  the individual and the unity and integrity of  the Nation; in our Constituent Assembly this twenty-sixth day of November,  1949, do hereby adopt, .enact and give to ourselves this Constitution."

The Preamble  not  only shows the path  of  governance  to the  leaders,  but  also embodies, the  purposes  that  it serves, like the declaration,  the  source  of the authority,  a statement  of objectives  and the date of its  adoption. The  first  line  of the Preamble  emphasises  the ultimate  authority of the people,  who  have  resolved to constitute  the country into a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic.

Since, the Constituent Assembly enacted and adopted the Constitution  in the name of people of India, the question was sometimes raised, whether the Constituent  Assembly •was indeed  representing  the people  of India

A democratic  country may  have  an  elected  or  hereditary  head. but  the word  'Republic',  implies that the head  must also be an elected one. Under republican  form, the head of the country is always elected for a prescribed period, thus making the governance  free from  any monarchy,  dictatorial  or hereditary  rulers. In India, the head  of the country, the President is electeC. at regular  intervals for a period of five years.

The Preamble further  defines the objectives of the Indian democracy. The Preamble itself secures justice, liberty, equality and fraternity to its citizens. The essence of justice  is the attainment of the common  good. Justice is a very comprehensive term, which means justice  of all kinds.

The term  liberty  signifies not  only the absence of any arbitrary restraint on the freedom  of an individual,  but  also the creation  of such atmosphere in the society as may be necessary  for the fullest development  of the personality  of the individual. Liberty means reasonable freedom for action but  not at the cost  of freedom  or rights  of others.

Justice, liberty and equality are complementary to one another. Equality signifies the equality of status, equality of opportunities, equality before la • of the nation. Equality  of opportunity implies the availability  of opportunity to everyone to use his potentialities, capabilities and capacities.

The concept of equality is very comprehensive, has far reaching impact and actually implies  to the socialistic approach  in the governance of the country. The objective of fraternity ensures both  dignity of an individual and unity  and integrity of the nation. Any animosity among  the individual: can  endanger  the  unity  and integrity  of the nation.

In  a country like India, with  so diversified culture, religion, belief, the unity  and integrity of the nation  can only be preserved  with  fraternity and brotherhood. Thus, the  Preamble  to the Constitution,  in brief,  contains  all the guidelines  or basics  on which  the rulers  of the country  should base the policies, rules, laws etc.

The Supreme Court  opined,  "The  Preamble  is the most precious  part the soul  and  the  guiding  force of the  Constitution  for the rulers  to  rule  the nation  in  the  spirit laid by  the  Constitution."

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