Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Sociology in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and banking or other competitive exams students in 1000 words.
Humans are a rotating topic of every activity in society. Without society, the society without human beings and humans is a wrong name. This unknown relationship relied only on man's intellectual rebellion in the 19th century, when he thought of studying the society and interacting within it as a separate discipline, social relations, human interaction, human behavior, which was once a horse He became a glimpse of his ideas. They fought deeply in such concepts and underlined them under the empire society. He felt that man is nowhere without social consciousness. Titan of Greek Philosophy Aristotle correctly said, "Man is a social animal, which remains without society, it is either God or beast".
Sociology is like maternal science, which has added it to every aspect of human life. These different aspects of human interaction have evolved in different subjects or topics. Therefore, sociology is the root of all social science.
In the light of the above discussion, it is necessary to define the meaning of sociology. French philosopher Auguste Comte made the word sociology in the year 1839. He is considered the father of sociology. Sociology The Latin word "socius" means "society" and the Greek word "logs" which means "science" or "knowledge". Sociology is derived from the etymology "science of society". Therefore, sociology is the study of human social life, group and society. It is a bright and attractive discipline because its subject matter is our own behavior as a society. However, examine a few definitions of sociology briefly, so that nature's initial taste and subject objectives.
Auguste Comte, the founding father of sociology, defines it as the science of social phenomena "subject to natural and invariable laws; the discovery of which is the object of investigation". Emile Durkheimregards sociology as "the science of social institutions".
Harry M.Johnson opines that "sociology is the science that deals with social groups". Kingsley Davis says that "sociology is a general science of society".
Alex Inkles says, "Sociology is the study of systems of social action and their inter-relations".
Morries Ginsberg says, "In the broadest sense, sociology is the study of human interactions and interrelations, their conditions land consequences."
Therefore, from the aforementioned definitions, it clearly seems that sociologists have different perspectives in relation to the meaning of sociology.
But in the common or union, sociology is the science related to the human, its social relations and their society. Although Auguste Comte is known as the father of sociology, because he has created the word, the history of social life and social problems is as old as humans. While living in society, man had to face many problems and complications. He himself was unable to solve all these problems. Philosophers, poets and writers tried their way to understand society and social problems and to provide solutions to it. In ancient times, the most systematic effort in study and stabilization was done through the code of society, Hammurabi; About 4,000 years ago, the rule of Manu
Essentially both Manu and Humburabi expanded to establish customs, social traditions and justice in society.
Thus, we can say that after the beginning of civilization, the origin of sociology was. In ancient Greece, Plato reflected the touch of social aspects in his book "Republic". Aristotle also dealt legislation, state and society in their work "ethics and politics" The great Roman speaker Marker Tullius Cicero has mentioned about sociology in his book "Defocus". We can also find signs of social concepts in Demonarchia of Dante and Thomas Moore's work, "utopia" can be noted in this regard.
Not only in Western society, even in India, there are many references to social organizations, institutes, structures by law donors in the scriptures and Upanishads. There were many references to the economic, political, social and legal aspects of the society of Manu, Sukrachari's Nitish and Kautilya's economics rules. During Akbar's reign (1556-1605), we used to find Abul Fazl in his book An-e-Akbar, with a clear description and analysis of the socio-economic and political life of the people of that time. His book contains a spectacular analysis of Hindu law and its interpretations. He was known as the Gazette of the Mughals. Thus, the above mentioned books can be considered as the home of the treasure of information about this subject.
However, the origins of society are surrounded in mystery. How society came into being is still a puzzle. But during this period, French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau and English philosopher John subscribe to the "theory of development" of society as a product of social contract. At least agree with Hobbes Locke and Rousseau. All of them agreed with the fact that the rise of society though is contract. People surrendered their rights to a whole government to save themselves. The main bias of these theoreticians is a relation between social stability, social conflict and social change.
The above situations give a clear picture of the fact that sociology was in existence even during the pre-scientific era. He laid the foundation for the investigation of the causes of the development of sociology in science form. Combined in the form of various strains and trends, some intellectual and some social, science of sociology.
Humans are always curious about the sources of their behavior. But for thousands of years, attempts to understand themselves have relied on methods of thought from generation to generation, often expressed in religious terms. (For example, before the rule of modern science, many people believed that natural phenomena such as earthquakes were due to gods or spirits). The purpose and systematic study of human behavior and society is a relatively recent development, beginning with the beginning of the 1800s. The background of the origins of sociology was a series of changes in the 1789 French Revolution and the emergence of the Industrial Revolution in Europe. The breakdown of the traditional methods of life made with these changes was an attempt to develop a new understanding of both the social and natural world of the thinkers.
There were massive changes in family, Kinship, caste community, and religion. With a new emerging situation a new set of relationships has become urgent, during this period, religion and primary relations began to lose their importance in society.